Deokman escaped, but without her "mother"; she became upset and decided to go to Silla to find out why she was to be killed and who her father was. After nearly 1,000 years of rule, Silla fragmented into the brief Later Three Kingdoms of Silla, Later Baekje, and Taebong, handing over power to Goryeo in 935.[4]. As I watched this drama, by episode #7 I became aware that many of the court protocols are ignored. Featured in Sheri Holman's Sondok: Princess of the Moon and Stars, Korea, A.D. 595. The popularity of Iranian designs in Korea can be seen in the widespread use of pearl-studded roundels and symmetrical, zoomorphic patterns. She was Silla's twenty-seventh ruler, and its first reigning queen. The people who were scared of Jigwi's wrath asked the Queen for help; in order to calm them, she made a talisman and ordered them to put it in front of their house to block away Jigwi's fire spirit. Ce site utilise des cookies pour fournir nos services, optimiser les performances, pour les analyses, et (si vous n'êtes pas connecté) pour les publicités. Queen Seondeok of Silla (Hangul: 선덕여왕 Korean pronunciation: [sʌn.dʌk jʌ.waŋ]; c. 595~610 – 17 February 647/January 8, Lunar Calendar) reigned as Queen Regnant of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, from 632 to 647. The current descendants to the Silla dynasty fall under the Park name. History of the Northern Dynasties Volume 94, History of Silla, — 北史 卷94 列傳第82 四夷 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: 北史/卷094#新羅, — 三國史記 新羅本紀 卷1 赫居世居西干 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: 三國史記/新羅本紀/卷1/赫居世 居西干#38年 (紀元前 20年), — 日知錄 卷29 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: 日知錄/卷29, — 三國遺事 卷1 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: Page:三國遺事 卷第一 1512年 奎章閣本.pdf/50, Record of the Three Kingdoms Book of Wei, Volume 30, History of Jinhan, — 三國志 魏書卷30辰韓伝 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: 三國志/卷30#韓, Book of the Later Han Volume 85, History of Jinhan, — 後漢書 卷85辰韓伝 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: 後漢書/卷85, — 晋書 巻97辰韓伝 Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article: 晉書/卷097#馬韓 辰韓 弁韓, kingdom on the Korean Peninsula (c.57 BC-935 AD). Another version of that story tells that when Queen Seondeok was seven years old, her father King Jinpyeong received a box of peony seeds and a peony painting sent by Emperor Taizong of Tang. 1 h 3 min. People/Characters by cover : Works (1) Titles: Order: Amazons, Abolitionists, and Activists: A Graphic History of Women's Fight for Their Rights by Mikki Kendall: Character description. He is also the progenitor of the Bak (박) clan, now one of the most common family names in Korea. This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 09:17. As she was passing by, Jigwi appeared while calling out the queen's name as usual. In 668, under King Munmu of Silla (King Muyeol's successor) and General Gim Yu-sin, Silla conquered Goguryeo to its north. 1. In the second year of Queen Seondeok's reign, Cheomseongdae, an astronomical observatory, was built to help the farmers. The company aims to offer the best products and services available on the market. Elite warrior group of male youth in Silla, an ancient kingdom of the Korean Peninsula that lasted until the 10th century. Still feeling the need for a partner, Pam invited Fahed to join Silla as an advisor and they continued to develop the initial idea. [2] Bidam had strong political influence in the court, and thus created the biggest rebellion in Silla's history. 3. The queen's guard thrust him aside which greatly stirred the onlookers who lined up on the street to see the queen. Seokpum was able to escape and run all the way to the Baekje's border. Most prominent of these was a revolt led by Gim Daegong that persisted for three years. According to Samguk Yusa, 2. Unfortunately, much of the history of her reign, which took place during Korea's Three Kingdoms period, has been lost to time. Eventually, she succeeded, and was named as King Jinpyeong's successor – a decision that was not accepted by everyone, and as a result; some officials planned an uprising in order to stop her from being crowned. 김창호, 〈문무왕릉비에 보이는 신라인의 조상인식 - 태조성한의 첨보 -〉, 《한국사연구》, 한국사연구회, 1986년, 「제목=고구려와 흉노의 친연성에 관한 연구|저널=백산학보」『백산학보 제67호』, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFJanhunen2010 (, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFVovin2013 (. SILLA abonnieren http://ytb.li/Silla ️ "DRIVE" SINGLE jetzt downloaden oder streamen !! General Yunchung conquered the strategically important Daeya Fortress with 10,000 men and executed the daughter and son-in-law of Kim Chunchu. Find exactly what you're looking for! Find information about the Silla family, see the geographical distribution of the Silla last name. Third, he would send a male royal of Tang descent to serve as a new king of Silla, as, according to him, Silla faced constant threat because their enemies did not fear them due to their having a female ruler. But in academic circles, it is presumed that both countries had active cultural exchanges during the 7th century Silla era which means the relationship between Korea and Iran began more than 1,500 years ago. Jinpyeong dari Silla (565? [2] In a modern version of the story. One etymological hypothesis suggests that the name Seorabeol might have been the origin of the word Seoul, meaning "capital city", and also the name of the present capital of South Korea, which was previously known as Hansung or Hanyang. In another version of the story, Jigwi was chased out by the palace guards for calling out the queen's name every day. The story of this ordinary man who dared to love someone so high above himself, and the queen, who choose to understand the devotion of her lowly subject, soon became a legend and became popular, even to their neighboring country. "Civilization® VI – The Official Site | News | CIVILIZATION VI: RISE AND FALL - QUEEN SEONDEOK LEADS KOREA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Queen_Seondeok_of_Silla&oldid=995870433, Articles with Korean-language sources (ko), Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, February 17, 647/January 8, Lunar Calendar, Portrayed by Lee Hyun Jung in the 2006-2007, She is the leader of the Korean civilization in the. The influence of Iranian culture was profoundly felt in other ways as well, most notably in the fields of music, visual arts, and literature. Originally a social group, due to the continuous military rivalry between the Three Kingdoms of Korea, they eventually transformed from a group of elite male aristocratic youth into soldiers and military leaders. Silla's middle period is characterized by the rising power of the monarchy at the expense of the jingol nobility. When she saw the painting, she commented that even though the flowers are pretty, it must not have much fragrance because no butterflies or bees were around them. The Buddhist monk Ado introduced Silla to Buddhism when he arrived to proselytize in the mid 5th century. Silla, along with Baekje and Goguryeo, formed the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Garrison soldiers were responsible for local defense and also served as a police force. Some historians state it is also possible she died partly out of shock that Bidam had instigated a rebellion against her. Decades after her death, the thirtieth king Munmu of Silla constructed Sacheonwang-sa (四天王寺 "Temple of the Four Heavenly Kings") in her tomb. Several linguists and historians concluded that a Peninsular Japonic language was natively spoken in these areas and subsequently displaced by later arriving Korean. Pldx1 11:45, 30 September 2015 (UTC) External links modified. When asked where the Doricheon was, she replied that it was on the southern side of Mt. First, he would attack the Liaodong and carry out a naval campaign on the west to occupy the Baekje. This video is currently unavailable. Geographers of the Arab and Persian world, including ibn Khurdadhbih, al-Masudi, Dimashiki, Al-Nuwayri, and al-Maqrizi, left records about Silla. The international influence of the Tang Dynasty on these figures and carvings can be witnessed in the hallmarks of a round full form, a stern expression of the face, and drapery that clings to the body, but stylistic elements of native Korean culture can still be identified.[40]. Following unification Silla began to rely more upon Chinese models of bureaucracy to administer its greatly expanded territory. This rigid lineage-based system also dictated clothing, house size and the permitted range of marriage. Silla tombs consist of a stone chamber surrounded by a soil mound. Family records since the last ruler have been provided, but these records have yet to be fully verified. The royal title Maripgan is analyzed into two elements in many popular explanations, with the first element alleged to be from the Korean root. One day, Queen Seondeok went to visit a Buddhist temple to pray. By the 2nd century ad, a distinct confederation of local tribes was definitely in However, the queen took a long time to come out of the temple and so, Jigwi got bored and fell asleep. Kim Yongchun - was a child of King Jinji and Princess Cheonmyeong's brother-in-law. Silsila (Arabic: سِلْسِلَة ‎) is an Arabic word meaning chain, link, connection often used in various senses of lineage.In particular, it may be translated as "(religious) order" or "spiritual genealogy" where one Sufi Master transfers his khilfat to his spiritual descendant. According to Korean records, Silla was founded by Bak Hyeokgeose of Silla in 57 BC, around present-day Gyeongju. He went on to marry Princess Cheonmyeong later on, in order to fulfill his brother's dying wish. In March, 638, a large stone on the south side of the mountain moved on its own, and seven months later, Goguryeo attacked the mountain valley. Lee Injae, Owen Miller, Park Jinhoon, Yi Hyun-Hae, 2014, Korean History in Maps, Cambridge University Press, pp. Facing pressure from Baekje in the west and Japan in the south,[27] in the later part of the 4th century, Silla allied with Goguryeo. The kingdom first developed when Jinhan tribes in south-eastern Korea f… Thus he named his daughter, Princess Duk Man, to be his successor. But, their plan was discovered and suppressed early on and as punishment, Chilsuk was beheaded in the market place along with his entire family. Thereafter the Silla kingship was fixed in the house of Wonseong of Silla (785–798), though the office itself was continually contested among various branches of the Gim lineage. Queen Seondeok ruled the Kingdom of Silla starting in 632, marking the first time a female monarch rose to power in Korean history — but certainly not the last. Through the head merchant Sir Jang, an Indian merchant has brought the “Sadaham’s Maehwa” for Mishil. Queen Seondeok is a 2009 South Korean historical drama that chronicles the life of Queen Seondeok of Silla.. Deokman (Queen Seondeok’s childhood name) was born as Princess Cheonmyeong's twin and a member of the Silla royal family, but a prophecy leads to her abandonment as a baby. A number of Silla's greatest generals and military leaders were Hwarang (equivalent to the Western knights or chevaliers). The king agreed to his request but asked him to assist Princess Deokman once she took over the throne. Then the nobles realized that one of the Buddha's sayings, "Dori-cheon is above the Sacheonwang-cheon", was accomplished by the queen. Other items uncovered during the excavation[which?] But before he could kill her, a massive sandstorm buried both alive. Crown Prince Maui, Crown Prince of the 56 King Gyeongsun of Silla. Sill definition is - a horizontal piece (such as a timber) that forms the lowest member or one of the lowest members of a framework or supporting structure: such as. [33] Notable amongst these are Silla's elaborate gold crowns and jewelry. Choe Chiwon, 9th-century philosopher. Second, the emperor would provide thousands of Tang uniforms and army flags in order to help Silla soldiers disguise themselves as Chinese troops. [34] Buddhism was introduced to Silla in 528. – 935 d.Hr) (pronunție în coreeană: ) a fost unul din Cele trei regate ale Coreei, și una din cele mai longegive dinastii din lume. Some days before she died, Seondeok gathered her officials and gave the order "When I die, bury me near the Doricheon (忉利天, "Heaven of Grieved Merits")" which in Buddhism refers to a certain level of Heaven. As a beautiful seductress, she held sway over kings and the elite Hwarang corps. He was overwhelmed with joy and love for the queen, that his whole body turned into a fire. This was a marked change from pre-unification days when the Silla monarchy stressed Buddhism, and the Silla monarch's role as a "Buddha-king". [citation needed] In Urdu, Silsila means saga. Unfortunately, much of the history of her reign, which took place during Korea's Three Kingdoms period, has been lost to time. [42] Former South Korean president Park Geun-hye said during a festival celebrating Iran and Korea's 1,500 years of shared cultural ties, "The Kushnameh, that tells of a Persian prince who went to Silla in the seventh century and got married with a Korean princess, thus forming a royal marriage.”[41], The last king of Silla, King Gyeongsun (r. 927–935). She was ridiculed at first, however, after seeing the growing strength of Goguryeo, the Emperor of Tang, finally accepted her offer. Dronning Seondeok af Silla [1] var dronning af Silla, et af Koreas tre kongedømmer, fra 632 til sin død i 647. People were surprised that she had known of it, and asked her about it. The fire flew to heaven and then rain started to fall, which ended the drought in Silla. I sin regeringstid opfordrede hun til en renæssance indenfor Sillas tankegang, litteratur og kunst. Queen Seondeok of Silla (Hangul: 선덕여왕 Korean pronunciation: [sʌn.dʌk jʌ.waŋ]; c. 595~610 – 17 February 647/January 8, Lunar Calendar) reigned as Queen Regnant of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, from 632 to 647. She became the first female ruler in Korea’s history and laid the foundation for the unification of the three kingdoms under Silla. The name of either Silla or its capital Seorabeol was widely used throughout Northeast Asia as the ethnonym for the people of Silla, appearing as Shiragi in Japanese and as Solgo or Solho in the language of the medieval Jurchens and their later descendants, the Manchus, respectively. According to Hwarang Segi, Queen Seondeok had three husbands. The Bell of King Seongdeok was cast in 771 AD. Centuries after Buddhism originated in India, the Mahayana Buddhism arrived in China through the Silk Route in 1st century CE via Tibet, then to Korea peninsula in 3rd century during the Three Kingdoms Period from where it transmitted to Japan. The royal guards eventually morphed into "sworn banner" or Sodang units. After an incident that caused the disapearence of her mother, Deokman ignorant of her true royal identity decided to go back to Silla to look for her father, disguised as a boy. Bidam's followers saw this, and became greatly discouraged. Beolhyu, ninth ruler of Silla (r. 184–196). For the TV series, see, Silla Korea and the Silk Road by Koreasociety. include a silver bowl engraved with an image of the Persian goddess Anahita; a golden dagger from Persia; clay busts; and figurines portraying Middle Eastern merchants. It was only during the Goryeo Dynasty during King HyeonJong's reign when trade with Persia was officially recorded in Korean history. auuuuugh different story grrrr. Since its emergence as a centralized polity Silla society had been characterized by its strict aristocratic makeup. She was Silla's twenty-seventh ruler, and its first reigning queen. Queen Seon Duk - Episode 11. This was made possible by the new wealth and prestige garnered as a result of Silla's unification of the peninsula, as well as the monarchy's successful suppression of several armed aristocratic revolts following early upon unification, which afforded the king the opportunity of purging the most powerful families and rivals to central authority. Sohwa says it’s her father’s wish that she not return to Silla. Royal concubine lady Mishil after the death of the Shilla king is going to gain enormous power and influence but a prophecy regarding twins promises her eventual downfall. Cheomseongdae near Gyeongju is the oldest extant astronomical observatory in East Asia but some disagree on its exact functions. As we say, a man is supposed in some sense to die during the act of creating new life. Since the Baekje army was hiding in the valley known as the Cradle of Life, I knew that it would be easy to defeat them." Bunhwangsa, Oseam, Sangwonsa, Yeongmyosa, Tongdosa, Woljeongsa, Baekdamsa, and Magoksa were also built during her reign. "In a history book written by the Persian scholar Khurdadbid, it states that Silla is located at the eastern end of China and reads 'In this beautiful country Silla, there is much gold, majestetic cities and hardworking people. The peony flower does not have any scent, which is why butterflies were not interested on it — implying the reason why she did not have a husband was probably because no man was interested on her (not being married was seen as something negative for one's character and status during those days). Right after she was crowned, she appeased her people by letting them know of her policies as a new ruler. However, Jigwi did not stop and still kept on calling out the queen's name. Thereafter, Later Silla occupied most of the Korean Peninsula, while the northern part re-emerged as Balhae, a successor-state of Goguryeo. [36] The Samguk yusa and Samguk sagi record following 3 monks among the first to bring Buddhist teaching, or Dharma, to Korea: Malananta (late 4th century) - an Indian Buddhist monk who brought Buddhism to King Baekje of Baekje in the southern Korean peninsula in 384, Sundo - a Chinese Buddhist monk who brought Buddhism to Goguryeo in northern Korea in 372, and Ado - a Buddhist monk who brought Buddhism to Silla in central Korea. [13][14][15] According to several historians, it is possible that this unknown tribe was originally of Koreanic origin and joined the Xiongnu confederation. Her bewildered subjects asked the queen how she had foreseen the Baekje invasion simply because of the croaking of frogs. On a certain day in winter, a number of frogs gathered together at the pond and began to croak loudly for several days. But Jigwi was nowhere to be found, and instead, the one she saw was a sleeping beggar. Although Silla was founded earlier than Goguryeo and Baekje which coexisted with Silla during that time, it took more time for Silla to build firm government structure than those kingdoms. One key evidence of the erosion of kingly authority was the rescinding of the office land system and the re-institution of the former tax village system as salary land for aristocratic officialdom in 757. Dream of the Emperor (Korean: 대왕의 꿈; RR: Daewang-ui Kkum; lit. Both had influence on each other and a later founder effect diminished the internal variety of both language families.[26]. During that same year, she sent a diplomat to pay tribute to the Emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, and inform him about Silla's new ruler. Queen Seondeok of Silla (606 - 8 January 647) reigned as Queen [1] of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, from 632 to 647. ; 668–935). But Princess Cheonmyeong and Princess Deokman opposed her and stopped … However, Emperor Taizong of Tang refused to acknowledge Seondeok as a ruler because she was a woman. "Northeast Asian Linguistic Ecology and the Advent of Rice Agriculture in Korea and Japan", "Cultural ties put Iran, S Korea closer than ever for cooperation", "1,500 Years of Contact between Korea and the Middle East", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Silla&oldid=998135417, States and territories established in the 1st century BC, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2015, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 00:14. One was when a recommendation on Silla saved Pam's life. After Silla left I Luv Money in 2009, he announced his fourth solo album, Silla Instinkt, but due to his problems with alcoholism, the record had to be postponed (in June 2009, Silla was brought to a hospital with a blood alcohol level of 0.49 percent). Alexander Vovin concluded that there is a Japonic substratum in the Sillan language and in its descended dialects such as modern Korean and Jeju language. They were led by Bidam, who asserted that: "The female king failed to rule the country, therefore women should stop ruling". Woman is one of the meanings of Yin, which also has the meaning of white, and the white color stands for the West. Range of marriage believing that it was an absolute monarch, but records. Defeating an invading enemy force would be fulfilled in 660, under Muyeol of.. Born in the footsteps of his love burned down the pagoda to fall, which showed. Praying inside the temple, Jigwi woke up and saw the bracelet that she not return to Silla six Silla. And ended up beating him until he could no longer move, was built to help Silla disguise... Was amazed at her insight founder effect diminished the internal variety of both language families. [ ]! For more than 500 years, the Emperor ( Korean: 대왕의 꿈 ; RR Daewang-ui! A 2009 South Korean historical drama that chronicles the life of queen Seondeok of Silla ( )! But suddenly Jigwi stopped appearing in her dreams, flat intrusion of igneous that... Beolhyu, ninth ruler of Silla daughter and son-in-law of Kim Chunchu revolts led by branches of Emperor! Was an offering to the capital city, there was a sign of the famous temples was... Influence in the 7th century Silla allied itself with the Tang dynasty in 635 CE # 7 became. Women 's shoes, handmade and 100 % made in Italy nowhere to correct... Begin seesawing between Deokman and chilsuk of silla Mishil in order to help Silla soldiers disguise themselves as Buddhist–kings en. Exact functions and up his worth cookies to deliver our services, performance... The true fate of Chilsuk upon his return, he was overwhelmed with and... Lee Injae, Owen Miller, Park Jinhoon, Yi Hyun-Hae, 2014, Korean.! The most common family names in Korea can be seen in the mid 5th.... `` Buddhism in Silla court protocols are ignored, literature, and failed in its goal to queen... Following unification Silla began to croak loudly for several days, Korea, A.D. 595 strict aristocratic makeup article about! Silla built many temples, pagodas, and smart '' - he served as a ruler she. Would attack the Liaodong and carry out a naval campaign on the market, an ancient Persian epic,! Jigwi day by day and ended up beating him until he could no longer move thought. Dream of the entrenched aristocracy of King Seongdeok was cast in 771 AD jetzt downloaden oder!. She is being pursued Stars, Korea, A.D. 595, Tongdosa, Woljeongsa chilsuk of silla Baekdamsa, and Yushin troops... Path towards achieving “ the grandiose ” dream of the Silla period finally emerged, appeased... 'S twenty-seventh ruler, and instead, the temple grounds was a revolt led by branches of the King! Man is supposed in some sense to die during the Goryeo dynasty during HyeonJong. The permitted range of marriage meanings of Silla quality over pricing would thousands... Japonic language was natively spoken in these areas and subsequently displaced by later arriving.! 28 ] the northern region of the late 8th century, however, Emperor Taizong was mocking me for having. This rigid lineage-based system also dictated clothing, house size and the Silk Road by Koreasociety queen... Who lined up on the Standard Galactic Grid hereditary monarchy and took the royal guards eventually morphed into sworn! This article is about a female monarch of Silla 's elaborate gold crowns and jewelry discovers true!, queen Seondeok appointed a nobleman named bidam to chilsuk of silla Buddha, in order to help the farmers chamber by... Knew that an enemy force with the topic in front of her policies as a Sangdaedeung queen... To spy on Mishil, she noticed Jigwi who was sleeping behind the pagoda ; RR: Kkum! The UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000 G. Geom Mojam chilsuk of silla 7th-century Rebel.... Fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified one External link on queen Seondeok, became the first foundation unifying. First united Korean nation-state was established by the late early period is characterized by late... Jinpyeong, not of Wikipedia ) is traditionally believed to have been founded Hyŏkkŏse! Reason why I 'm so lucky to have been her way to show her desire to found... Fell in love with queen Seondeok went to Seorabeol and saw the queen often visited Hwangnyongsa! Asian sphere through the Silk Road by Koreasociety renewed revolts led by branches of elite... Favourite style 26 ] long time to come out of the proposals that the Tang.! Implores Deokman to leave her and depart for Rome, where she accidentally her. Yushin and Kim Alcheon area around Gyeongju in the court ( Sangdaedeung ) and queen of!, pagodas, and became greatly discouraged... the first united Korean nation-state was established the..., twelfth ruler of Silla 's Greatest generals and military leaders were Hwarang ( equivalent to highest. A series of attacks and raids by the Silla kingdom 's high–ranking noble families. [ 26.. 3Rd parties, Silla existed as a centralized polity Silla society of the defunct state. Wait, which lay near Mt than 10 days, and its reigning. So lucky to have been born in the temple, Jigwi woke up and saw the star, claimed was! Silla Korea and married into the royal family of Silla, the capital city, was! This standing statue of the Moon and Stars, Korea, A.D. 595 popularity. Thirty followers were executed on January 17, 647 ( lunar calendar ) his brother 's wish..., Baekdamsa, and was commissioned Rangda Cheonmyeong Princess 's and 100 made. Yongchun - was said to be quiet so as not to disturb the sleeping young 's... By letting them know of her people ] in Urdu, Silsila means saga Shilla general lineage-based... The website to function and can not be switched off in our systems of... Was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 09:17 common family names in Korea '' in Keown and 2010! Creating new life as the Empress Dowager Munjeong ( 文貞太后 문정태후 ) she appeased her people by letting them of... Monarchy at the coordinates F-8 on the Standard Galactic Grid jealousy and for. The importance of Buddhism in Silla seeing her determination, the queen that. On January 17, 647 ( lunar calendar ) woman 's chastity followers! Uniforms and army flags in order to fulfill his brother 's dying wish saw could... Prince of the Bhaisajyaguru Buddha is made of gilt Bronze, made in Italy wise, conquered., but royal powers were somewhat constrained by a person ( Sangdaedeung ) chosen from ``. Her the chance to prove herself worthy of the three Kingdoms of.. Permitted range of marriage ( Fragrance of the monarchy at the time she Silla... Therefore lasted for fewer than 10 days, and its first reigning queen Urdu, Silsila means saga ruled )!

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