However, spider mites also cause leaf discoloration and yellow patches on the glossy green leaves. Moreover, calatheas can be sensitive to fluoride that is commonly found in tap water. Routine Maintenance 3. Water the soil until it’s thoroughly wet to help the roots settle. Another species that has gained this award is Calathea zebrina (zebra plant). Some species are clump-forming species.• Blooming: Some species produce flowers.• Bloom Description: Some species like Calathea crocata, Calathea lancifolia (rattlesnake plant), and cultivars like White Ice, and Brazilian are known for colorful inflorescence.• Sun: Indirect sun, moderate light.• Growing Temperature: 60-70° F.• Prefers: High humidity and indirect lighting (shady room).• Water: Regular watering during summer, less frequent watering during colder months.• Maintenance: Medium.• Suggested Use: Decorative houseplant, table plant.• Foliage: Large, variegated, green, white, yellow, purple leaves.• Soil Type: A well-drained potting mix.• Does Not Tolerate: Heavy watering, temperatures under 55°F, direct sunlight, and arid conditions. The Calathea Lancifolia is a tropical plant, and as such, it requires ample amounts of water. They're both new plants to me, I got them at a greenhouse about a week ago. Calathea plants like well-aired rooms but do not keep them on a drought or near an AC since both can damage the leaves and cause the plant to dehydrate. ✦ Once you leave the nursery, see to it that plant roots do not dry out or get damaged before you place the plant into the pot filled with soil. Thus, these plants not only enhance the beauty of your home but also are useful in various ways. They are very sensitive to these nasty little bugs and you don’t want to bring an infestation into your home. Make a hole in the soil twice as deep and wide as the height and width of the root ball of the plant and place it into it. The most common pests to afflict this plant include spider mites, mealy bug, scale, and aphids, while common diseases include those related to bacterial and fungal growth (which can be prevented by paying attention to moisture and airflow). Calathea Musaica is technically a rainforest plant. It should be well-drained too. Culturally, Maranta is more tolerant of cold than Calathea, which will suffer when … So do not keep it in front of a heater, an air conditioning vent, or a leaky window. In order to determine when your rattlesnake plant needs to be watered, feel the soil. The most common pest for calathea is the spider mite. Keep the soil moist in the early stages until the roots establish. The markings on the dark green leaves are almost hypnotic. In Colombia, Nukak people make containers for the darts, from these leaves. How to Create Garden Gnomes With Concrete, 5 Best Potting Soil Brands: How To Choose The Right Mix For Your Garden, 14 Coolest Fairy Garden Kits With Whimsical Looks, 5 Best Cheap Grow Lights And The Benefits, 12 Best Raised Garden Bed Kits That Are Easily Assemble, Lavender Plant Care: How To Grow Lavender Plants. If the drainage isn’t adequate, the plant could drown. ✦ As explained above, calatheas grow well if the room temperature is between 60-70°F. Here we’ll cover both indoor and outdoor growing of the Calathea plant. Calathea is a magnificent plant native to South America. Spider mites are one of the biggest pests you will need to watch out for in regards to your calathea plant. Should You Avoid Using Lawn Weed and Feed? So let’s see how you can grow and care for the Calathea. Leaf-eating caterpillarsCaterpillars of the butterfly named ‘Purple Owl’ (Caligo beltrao) feed on C. Zebrina. In temperate areas, calathea is often cultivated as a houseplant. The mulch will take longer to break offering slow-release fertilizer to enrich the soil. Keep adding water to the pebbles. Calathea care is a little bit more complex than growing it. If you grow it outdoors, then in the shade of a tree sounds like the right spot for your Calathea. Should I Purchase or Make My Own Eco Friendly Weed Killer? As mentioned, the soil requires adequate amount of moisture. This means you can practically place them on a window sill if you like or even as the centerpiece on a table in the living room. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... One of the most popular tropical evergreen species ‘Calathea zebra plant’ (Calathea zebrina, commonly called zebra plant) is native to Southeastern Brazil. Each has its own set of patterns, markings, and color schemes. A small amount of lime, when added to the planting medium, makes the fluoride more water-soluble. Calathea plants can grow outdoors if you have the right weather conditions. Mist the leaves frequently. This is usually caused by a... Pests. These tiny bugs can make a really big mess and cause serious damage to the otherwise healthy leaves. That’s understandable. However, indoors, either as an office plant or in your house, it seems to do much better than if you grow it in the garden. So try to keep the soil moist but not wet. These plants move their leaves up at nighttime and lower them during the daytime. In some villages of Thailand, attractive rice containers are produced from these leaves. ... Watch for scale, Mealy Bugs and Aphids. They are sold to locals as well as tourists. Apart from their ornamental values, Calathea plants do a great job cleaning up the air, absorbing carbon dioxide, and trapping the dust with their large waxy leaves. Water the plant when the uppermost layer of the soil (an inch below the surface) is dry. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. If there is an infestation of them, the plant can quickly die. • Zone: It can be planted outdoors in zones 10 and 11. While this plant does need plenty of water, the soil does need to drain properly. Make a hole in the soil twice as deep as the size of the root ball and a little bit wider. It needs humid environment. ✦ See to it that the potting mix is moist. Lower the plant in the hole and fill it with soil. If it becomes dry, the health of the plant will suffer. ✦ Spring is the best season for repotting the calathea plant. Division in spring or summer is the best type of calathea propagation method. I also included photos of the alocasia and the calathea so you can see their leaves, soil, general health. As the roots and the plant grow vigorously, you should transfer the plant to a larger pot, after one or two years. Make sure it gets partial shade and indirect light for optimal health. Direct sunlight hurts the leaves while dim light doesn’t encourage its growth either. is an up-and-coming community of people specialized in high-quality and on-trend DIY projects and tutorials in home design, fashion, and crafts. The plant would grow well if you place it near an east or a west window with curtain (or shade from a tree). Any commercial potting mix will do, although you can mix soil with peat and worm compost in equal portions to create your own. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. They also improve the humidity in the place protecting you and your family against dry skin and respiratory diseases. The Calathea is one of those plants that when you take care of them, they pay you back dividends. Fill the pot with a good potting mix. Its tall, slender stems hold up the large, oval, upright leaves. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. The usual aphids and mealybugs stay clear. Choose a bright but shaded spot within a warm room. Regular misting and watering can help prevent calathea plant leaves from turning yellow or brown. Remove the Calathea from the pot it came in and check the roots. If it’s hot and the soil goes dry fast, you can water it twice a week. Spider Mites, scale. Bring in your own front-line army to fight to your battle for you. That said, I'd go with a more nuclear option for mealies - either an insecticidal soap or my personal fave, Captain Jack's Dead Bug. Warmth and humidity are key factors in the success of the Calathea. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. If in a low-light position or overly dry soil you could find sap-sucking mealy bugs. • Common Names: Peacock plant, cathedral, zebra plant, calathea, or prayer plant.• Type: Evergreen perennial plant.• Family: Marantaceae.• Native Range: Tropical Americas.• Zone: It can be planted outdoors in zones 10 and 11.• Height: 2-3.5 ft, depends upon the species.• Spread: 2-3 ft. Like other houseplants, Calathea can be infested with pests like spider mites, scale, and mealy bugs. Houseplants can not only brighten a space but also purify the air. It is grown for its showy, variegated leaves. You can use distilled water or collect rainwater for the plant. So far we have talked about the benefits of growing the Calathea as a houseplant or one that adorns your office. A failing calathea ornata could be a sign that the soil isn’t draining properly. When buying Calatheas, be sure to thoroughly inspect the leaves for spider mites. It is grown for its striking, green-and-cream striped velvety foliage, and not for its purple or white inconspicuous flowers. The leaves are glossy, with an entire and wavy margin. The best type of light for this tropical plant is a filtered one. How much water your Calathea needs depend on whether you grow it indoors or outdoors and what time of the year it is. • Blooming: Some species produce flowers. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Insect damage to calathea picturata. Tap the soil gently around the roots to make sure the plant can stand upright on its own. The first signs of spider mites are small strands of fine silky threads on leaves. If you place it on a window sill that gets a lot of sunlight, consider using a thin curtain to shield the plant from the glare. Improving growing conditions by moving your plant into a position with more light and increase watering. Limp stemsOver-watering or cold weather can lead to rotten and limp stems. Share Pin 45 Send. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. So let’s get to the maintenance part and see how you can take care of the Calathea plant and keep it growing successfully. Mix well. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! However, if the plant is near a heat vent and you feel there’s not enough humidity in the room or office, you can mist it with a spray bottle once every couple of days. Some calathea flowers can add a heavenly ambiance to their surroundings. Pests. From a very unique shape to lurid and enticing color combinations, this is one plant that deserves its place in every home. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Water the plant regularly during the growing season. Here are the common ones. Naturally, you’d always want to have a different Calathea than the one your neighbor has in their house or the one your coworker grows in their office. This plant grows larger than the other similar-looking plant called ‘prayer plant’ (Maranta leuconeura) or the other similarly named plant, ‘zebra plant’ (Aphelandra squarrosa). Calathea rufibarba plant likes bright indirect light, so placing it in front of an east, west, or north window is ideal. Otherwise, the roots would rot. Remove any damaged, rotten, or entangled roots. Recognizing the value of the do-it-yourself movement of the last several years, is inspired by unique yet replicable ideas. Avoid warm or cold water, use water at room temperature. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The bright white veins against red, green, and cream leaves give it a unique and engrossing texture. Brown edges along the leavesThe plant cannot tolerate dry air. Pro Tips on How to Make the Best Flower Garden. It loves moisture. Gardenerdy describes how to take care of a Calathea plant. The best type of light for this tropical plant is a filtered one. Regardless of what you use, your plant will burn if you don't apply the treatment in the evening or early morning (and away from grow lights) so the treatment has time to dry before the plant gets much light. Recommended Accessories 4. You can prevent these pests by moving your plant to a bigger pot. Calathea Roseopicta Dottie is an evergreen perennial, indoor house plant that grows to 6 to 12 inches tall and spread as wide. Spray the plant more often with water making sure it goes dry during the day and not pile up on the leaves and cause a fungal infestation. Fully mature, the plant reaches about 3 feet in height and 2 feet in width. Copyright © Gardenerdy &, Inc. These cottony looking small bugs like hiding in leaf and stem crevices and sucking the life out of your Calathea. Common Calathea Pests and diseases Scale bugs are ugly brownish-yellow bugs that attack plants by sucking their sap and nutrients from the stem. It is native to Central and South America and it is especially common in the tropical Brazil. Choose a medium pot with lots of drainage holes at the bottom. These small red arachnids suck sap from … The Rattlesnake Plant (Calathea lancifolia) fits the bill and delivers in spades. The leaves are about 12 inches long and are prominently marked. The quality of the planting mix ensures good health of the plant. A window sill will do or even a table in the middle of the room. It’s an essential component in your tropical garden and even on its own, it serves as the focal point in any corner in your living room. The steps are rather simple. As the temperature of the room increases, humidity should also be increased. Mist and water them regularly until the roots are established. As natives of Brazil and the Amazon Rainforest, they’re used to high levels of moisture in the air and warm temperature. ✦ Calatheas need indirect and moderate light. This would help prevent ‘shocking’ the root system. The Best and Most Exciting Landscape Timber Ideas. These can be a... Diseases. Calathea Problems Growing Problems. Would you like to write for us? Soft Brown Scale is the most common scale that attacks indoor houseplants especially ficus, ivy, spider plants, ferns, aralia, and schefflera. Leaves curling and spots on leavesThis indicates that the plant is not getting enough water. Citronella Plant Care: How To Grow Mosquito Plants, Rattlesnake Plant Care: How To Grow Rattlesnake Houseplants. This plant is commonly known as the cathedral, zebra, or peacock plant. Pests and bugs don’t find the thick leaves particularly juicy so they leave it alone. Contents: 1. Many new calathea owners discover that their leaves seem to curl or roll. Luckily, the waxy leaves of the Calathea attract dust and absorb carbon dioxide but that’s all they attract. Use a fertilizer once every two weeks to keep those lush leaves growing and looking their best. These soil dwelling pests look like small dark flies similar to fruit flies and their larvae could damage roots. It’s often caused by low levels of humidity. Calathea crocata: This species of calathea has the plainest leaves of the bunch, but boasts beautiful displays of upright orange-red flowers, earning it the nickname "eternal flame." It comes in different colors and has a calming effect that fits in many settings. When the weather gets cold, they move them indoors. Water it and mist it regularly. Faded leavesExposure to direct sunlight can burn the leaves or it can affect the color of the leaves seriously. Lack of moisture results in dryness of the leaves. High humidity is essential for the plant, but it also promotes bacterial and fungal growth. Your email address will not be published. When we talk about humidity levels Calathea plants prefer we are talking about 50% and even 60% humidity for some varieties. Humidity for some varieties essential for the plant should not be watered, feel the soil goes.! And home Guides these nasty little bugs and aphids calatheas can be sensitive to these when... Or fade Calathea leaves, soil, general health this award calathea plant bugs Calathea zebrina ( zebra plant, it. Withstand sudden changes in temperature, and scale Planter Instructions 5.2 Self watering Container Instructions 6,... 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